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Version: 0.15.50

How to configure and use a MetricStore

Saving MetricsA computed attribute of data such as the mean of a column. during ValidationThe act of applying an Expectation Suite to a Batch. makes it easy to construct a new data series based on observed dataset characteristics computed by Great Expectations. That data series can serve as the source for a dashboard or overall data quality metrics, for example.

Storing metrics is still an experimental feature of Great Expectations, and we expect configuration and capability to evolve rapidly.


1. Adding a MetricStore

A MetricStore is a special StoreA connector to store and retrieve information about metadata in Great Expectations. that can store Metrics computed during Validation. A MetricStore tracks the run_id of the Validation and the Expectation SuiteA collection of verifiable assertions about data. name in addition to the Metric name and Metric kwargs.

To define a MetricStore, add a Metric StoreA connector to store and retrieve information about computed attributes of data, such as the mean of a column. config to the stores section of your great_expectations.yml. This config requires two keys:

  • The class_name field determines which class will be instantiated to create this store, and must be MetricStore.
  • The store_backend field configures the particulars of how your metrics will be persisted.

The class_name field determines which class will be instantiated to create this StoreBackend, and other fields are passed through to the StoreBackend class on instantiation.

In theory, any valid StoreBackend can be used, however at the time of writing, the only BackendStore under test for use with a MetricStore is the DatabaseStoreBackend with Postgres.

To use an SQL Database like Postgres, provide two fields: class_name, with the value of DatabaseStoreBackend, and credentials. Credentials can point to credentials defined in your config_variables.yml, or alternatively can be defined inline.

# ...
metric_store: # You can choose any name as the key for your metric store
class_name: MetricStore
class_name: DatabaseStoreBackend
credentials: ${my_store_credentials}
# alternatively, define credentials inline:
# credentials:
# username: my_username
# password: my_password
# port: 1234
# host: xxxx
# database: my_database
# driver: postgresql

The next time your DataContext is loaded, it will connect to the database and initialize a table to store metrics if one has not already been created. See the metrics_reference for more information on additional configuration options.

2. Configuring a Validation Action

Once a MetricStore is available, a StoreMetricsAction validation ActionA Python class with a run method that takes a Validation Result and does something with it can be added to your CheckpointThe primary means for validating data in a production deployment of Great Expectations. in order to save Metrics during Validation. This validation Action has three required fields:

  • The class_name field determines which class will be instantiated to execute this action, and must be StoreMetricsAction.
  • The target_store_name field defines which Store backend to use when persisting the metrics. This should match the key of the MetricStore you added in your great_expectations.yml, which in our example above is metrics_store.
  • The requested_metrics field identifies which Expectation Suites and Metrics to store. Please note that this API is likely to change in a future release.
Validation ResultGenerated when data is Validated against an Expectation or Expectation Suite. statistics are available using the following format:
statistics.<statistic name>

Values from inside a particular Expectation'sA verifiable assertion about data. result field are available using the following format:

- column:
<column name>:
<expectation name>.result.<value name>

In place of the Expectation Suite name, you may use "*" to denote that any Expectation Suite should match.


If an Expectation Suite name is used as a key, those Metrics will only be added to the MetricStore when that Suite is run. When the wildcard "*" is used, those metrics will be added to the MetricStore for each Suite which runs in the Checkpoint.

Here is an example yaml config for adding a StoreMetricsAction to the taxi_data dataset:

# ...
- name: store_metrics
class_name: StoreMetricsAction
target_store_name: metric_store # This should match the name of the store configured above
public.taxi_data.warning: # match a particular expectation suite
- column:
- expect_column_values_to_not_be_null.result.element_count
- expect_column_values_to_not_be_null.result.partial_unexpected_list
- statistics.successful_expectations
"*": # wildcard to match any expectation suite
- statistics.evaluated_expectations
- statistics.success_percent
- statistics.unsuccessful_expectations

3. Test your MetricStore and StoreMetricsAction

To test your StoreMetricsAction, run your Checkpoint from your code or the CLICommand Line Interface:

import great_expectations as gx
context = gx.get_context()
checkpoint_name = "version-0.15.50 your checkpoint name here"
$ great_expectations checkpoint run <your checkpoint name>


The StoreMetricsValidationAction processes an ExpectationValidationResult and stores Metrics to a configured Store.

Now, after your Checkpoint is run, the requested metrics will be available in your database!